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  1. Also by Derek Steinberg
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  3. Models for Mental Disorder--Conceptual Models in Psychiatry, Third Edition
  4. What Is Recovery? A Conceptual Model and Explication
  5. - Document - Models for Mental Disorder--Conceptual Models in Psychiatry, Third Edition

Expressing empathy, concern, and nonjudgmental acceptance of the patient are important therapist qualities. The medical model refers to psychiatric care that is based on the traditional physician- patient relationship. It focuses on the diagnosis of a mental illness, and subsequent treatment is based on this diagnosis.


  1. I. DEFINITION, USE AND MEANING.
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  3. Models for Mental Disorder: Conceptual Models in Psychiatry: Third Edition.

Somatic treatments, including pharmacotherapy and electroconvulsive are important component of the treatment process. The interpersonal aspect of the medical model varies widely, from intensive insight-oriented intervention to brief session involving medical management of medications. Much of modern psychiatric care is dominated by the medical model. Other health professionals may be involved in interagency referrals, family assessment, and health teaching, but physicians are viewed as the leaders of the team when this model is in effect.

Elements of other models of care may be used in conjunction with the medical model for instance, a patient may be diagnosed with schizophrenia and treated with phenothiazine medication. This patient may also be participating in a token economy program to encourage socially acceptable behavior.

A positive contribution of the medical model has been the continuous exploration for causes of mental illness using the scientific process. Recently, great strides have been taken in learning about the functioning of the brain and nervous system. Thus progress has led to beginning understanding of the probable physiological components of many behavioral disorders and increasingly specific and sophisticated approaches to psychiatric care. The medical model proposes that deviant behavior is a symptom of a central nervous system disorder.

Currently the exact nature of the psychological disruption is not well understood. It is thought that the psychotic disorders such as bipolar disorder, mayor depression; and schizophrenia involve an abnormality in the transmission of neural impulses. It is also thought that this difficulty occurs at the synaptic level and involves neurochemicals such as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. Another branch of research focuses on stressors and the human response to stress.

Mental health model (PSY)

The medical process of therapy is well defined and familiar to must patients. Additional data may be collective by significant others, and past medical records are reviewed if available. The roles of physician and patient have been well defined by tradition and apply in the psychiatric setting. The patient may have some say about the plan, but the physician prescribes the therapy.

The role of the patient involves admitting being ill, which can be a problem in psychiatry. Patients sometimes are not aware of their disturb behavior and may actively resist treatment. This is not congruent with the medical model.

Also by Derek Steinberg

The patient is expected to comply with the treatment program and to try to get well. If observable improvement does not occur, caregivers and significant others often suspect that the patient is not trying hard enough. The patient also may have difficult letting people extend care and at the same time be self-sufficient. Read Free For 30 Days. Conceptual Models in Mental Health Nursing.

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Models for Mental Disorder--Conceptual Models in Psychiatry, Third Edition

Jump to Page. Search inside document. Id: personality process that wants to experience only pleasure, is impulsive and without morals Ego: personality process that focuses on reality while striving to meet the needs of the Id. View of Behavior Deviations Psychoanalysts trace disrupted behavior in the adult to earlier developmental stages.

Psychoanalytical Therapeutic Process Psychoanalytic uses free association and dream analysis to reconstruct the personality. Roles of Patient and Psychoanalyst The roles of the patient and the psychoanalyst were defined by Freud. Transference that occurs in the relationship is used to encourage working through feelings that would otherwise remain unconscious The therapist changes this communication style when interpreting behavior.

View of Behavioral Deviations Interpersonal theorists believe that behavior evolves around interpersonal relationship. Roles of Patient and Interpersonal Therapist The patient-therapist dyad is viewed as a partnership in interpersonal therap. As the patient matures in the ability to relate, lie experiences with people outside the therapeutic situation can be enhanced Interpersonal nursing roles have been identified by Peplau.

View of Behavior Deviations According to the social theorist, social conditions are largely responsible for deviant behavior. Roles of Patient and Social Therapist Szasz believe that a therapist can help the patient only if the patient requests help.

What Is Recovery? A Conceptual Model and Explication

Existential Therapeutic Process There are several existential therapies, all of which assume that the patient must be able to choose freely from what life has to offer. Roles of Patient and Existential Therapist Existential theorist emphasize that the therapist and the patient are equal in their common humanity. Supportive Therapeutic Process Supportive therapy is an electric form of psychotherapy; that is, is not based on a particular theory of psychopatology.

Roles of Patient and Supportive Therapist In supportive therapy the therapist plays an active and directive role in helping the patient improve social functioning and coping skill. View of Behavioral Deviations The medical model proposes that deviant behavior is a symptom of a central nervous system disorder. Medical Therapeutic Process The medical process of therapy is well defined and familiar to must patients.

Roles of Patient and Medical Therapist The roles of physician and patient have been well defined by tradition and apply in the psychiatric setting. Kimberly Ramos.

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Prasanth Kurien Mathew. Steve Randolph. Rachel Mecali. Lil H. Indonesian Clinical Pathways Association.

- Document - Models for Mental Disorder--Conceptual Models in Psychiatry, Third Edition

Nurfaida Jadjulie Abdulsalam. More From Prasanth Kurien Mathew.


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  • Sc and PBB. Popular in Psychiatry Related Fields. Al-fath El'miraj. Eduardo Castillo. Aisha Syed. Monique Mavronicolas. Sonia Soans. Robert Edwards. Ashwin Hemant Lawanghare. Annmarie Stefan Valeanu. Tony Hue. Mundhir Al-Khusaibi. Mental health, psychiatric treatment, therapeutic treatment strategies, philosophical, pragmatic orientations, psychoanalytical model, interpersonal model, existential model, psychic determinism, instincts, cathexis, anticathexis, topographic theory, psychosexual developmental theory, preconscious mind, maturational functions, developmental functions, oral erotic phase, oral sadistic phase, anal erotic phase, anal sadistic phase, phallic phase, oedipus complex, latency phase, genital phase, infancy, juvenile era, preadolescence, early adolescence, late adolescence, interpersonal accommodation, therapeutic process, community psychiatry, hazy identity, reality therapy, psychosynthesis, cognitive oriented therapy, gestalt therapy, logo therapy, encounter group therapy, neurolinguistic programming, systemic desensitization, positive reinforcement, orientation phase, identification phase, exploitation phase, termination phase, nursing diagnosis, wholly compensatory.

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